Have you ever though that why your home is bizarrely cold in winter or extremely hot in summer? The answer to this problem could boil down to proper sunlight and building orientation. Having proper orientation of your dream home allows you to take full benefit of a strong source of lower utility costs-sunlight.
We all know that the sun rises in the east direction and sets in the west direction and during midday sunlight is at low angle during winters and at a high angle during summers. Keeping in mind these basic facts, a lot can be done to position your dream home properly so that the daily and seasonal movements of the sun works in your favor and increases your indoor comfort while plummeting the heating and cooling expenses.
If optimal building orientation could be achieved then, it will decrease your heating needs, energy costs and greenhouse gas emissions. An effective sunlight orientation can be done through having a proper understanding of sun paths at the home site at different times and seasonal movements in the year.
Let Us Understand the Importance of Sunlight and Building Orientation for Different Rooms in Your Home:
- North-Facing Rooms in Your Home: All the key living spaces including family, dining and living rooms must be north facing if possible. Check out the key things to be kept in mind while building orientation process in the north facing rooms:
- The room must get good day sunlight throughout the day.
- The must have solar gain throughout the year.
- The room should have horizontal shading to be safe from overheating during summers.
- The room must have proper passive solar gain during winters.
- South-Facing Rooms in Your Home: The South-facing rooms in your home are not apt for livable spaces because they-
- Have less daylight throughout the year.
- Have very little or zero heat gain.
These rooms are perfect for building a laundry, workroom, garage, stairs, bathroom and toilet wherein individuals spend very little time and use them rarely.
- East-Facing Rooms in Your Home: The East facing rooms in your home are apt for building kitchen and the breakfast areas since individuals can benefit from early morning solar gains all through the year and get cooler in the late afternoon when dinner preparation starts. The east-facing rooms:
- Have excellent morning sunlight.
- Deliver required morning solar gain all through the year to offer early warming.
- Stay cooler in the late afternoon and evening which makes it more comfy for sleeping during summers.
- West-Facing Rooms in Your Home: The west-facing rooms get low-angle and late afternoon sun, therefore they need a little shading to keep the room safe from overheating and too much glare, specifically in summers. The west-facing rooms-
- Have excellent noon time sunlight.
- Might get overheated in the late afternoon throughout the year.
- Needs vertical shading to stay safe from overheating and over glare during the noon time.
- Give excellent direct solar gain for the thermal mass heating of your home’ living spaces throughout the evening.
- Outdoor Living Spaces: Generally, outdoor living spaces must be north-facing so that they obtain sunlight when being in use.
- Air Locks: One of the latest interior design features to consider for both heat retention and exclusion is to consist of an air lock or space amid the exterior and indoor living spaces. Air locks are extremely useful in the high wind areas and must be easy to close from both outside and inside spaces and may be:
- The entrance lobby.
- The mud room.
- The attached garage.
This space must be adequately big to enable the doors to get opened easily, as inadequate spaces will lead to the door being left eternally opened and fail the primary purpose of an air lock.
If your dream home does not have proper sunlight and building orientation then, try employing the above mentioned tips orient your home’s design to capture adequate sunlight passage in your home.